4 WAYS TO ADD DEPTH AND DIMENSION INTO PHOTO
One of the problems of photography is a two-dimensional environment, with which we are trying to capture the three-dimensional world. Creating a sense of depth and dimension in the image helps to attract viewers and draw their attention to photos. In this article we offer you four tips for creating depth in the pictures.
Use the correct shooting angle
The first thing you can do to add depth to your photos is to stand in the right place and point the camera in the right direction. When you are photographing, looking directly at a flat object, your photo will also look flat. Look at the example below. The photo was taken at dawn on one side of the river bank, overlooking the other bank. Notice how the river “draws” a straight line right through the image. In fact, there is nothing that could attract the viewer’s attention.
A beautiful sunrise or sunset here is not enough to make an expressive photo. This frame lacks depth due to the angle used.
When you take the next shot, all that has been done is to turn the camera slightly to the left, so as not to shoot directly across the river.
Now let’s look at what happens with the same frame if the photographer just moves a little. Moving only a couple of meters away from the previous point of shooting and turning your face along the river, instead of looking directly across the river to the other side, you can get a better view.
Well, this option is already better, but you can take another step. Add to the frame the slope of the hill. See the photo below.
There was a feeling that the river worked against the photographer in the composition above, so he turned the final image (the mirror image displayed it horizontally). Now the river enters the image on the left and meanders. The human gaze reads from left to right, from top to bottom, so try to keep your compositions moving in that direction as well. It will be convenient for the viewer, and will keep his attention on the photo.
The next thing you can do to bring depth to your shots is adding layers. This technique means that there are objects in the frame that are at different distances from the camera. Essentially, you need a foreground element (something close), a medium plan and a background (something far).
Human eyes perceive depth, so we can see both close and distant objects at the same time. Your task is to take a picture so that you can add the right elements for the overlay. The easiest way to do this is to find the object you want to photograph, then step back and add something to the foreground. Let’s look at a few examples.
In the image above, the edge of the river bank is added to the foreground, and the entire valley is visible. But it doesn’t work very well, see? On the image there are three separate elements – the sky, the grass in the foreground and the valley. But they do not seem to be interconnected. And yet – the edge of the hill and the horizon are straight lines, too static here.
Now the photographer has focused on the bush in the foreground, and the valley behind has turned into a background that supports it. This is much better shows the depth of the frame.
Where to focus?
In the examples given, the main subject is in focus, and the foreground or background is blurred. But you can even swap the focus and still create the depth of the frame.
Use light to add depth.
The next thing to consider when you want to add depth to your shot is lighting. Look at the light that illuminates the subject. Does it add a sense of three-dimensionality to the image or does it remain flat and lifeless? In photography, lighting is everything, the light complements the scene, adds mood and feeling to it.